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A Straight Line Walk Across London
by Paul K Lyons
39 - Plaqueland - a pacifist poet, a very British film maker and a suffragette
Although I am only walking a few yards along Romney Street, it's worth mentioning the Romney Street Group, a small luncheon club with no political or religious alignment. It was founded by Joseph Peter Thorp, then dramatic critic of Punch, in 1917. Its first chairman was Thomas Jones, Deputy Secretary to Lloyd George's Cabinet. The clique only ever met in Romney Street for one year but still retains its original name.
So as to hug the 300 easting as closely as possible, I turn left into Tufton Street, a road rich in interest. First up is Lansdale House, an original style house, with wrought iron decoration and a roof garden just visible from street level. The upper maisonette of this house, with two bedrooms, is for sale (at £555,000) which is how I know the lush-looking roof garden has an automatic watering system. Looking east down Dean Trench Street, the scene is filled by the bold and baroque St John's, once a church built by Thomas Archer in 1720s and now, after war damage and a refit, serving as a very fine music hall. Smith Square, which the church building dominates, and the streets around have original houses from the same Queen Anne and early 18th century period.
North of the junction with Dean Trench Street two plaques, one blue and one green, face each other across Tufton Street - but this is no fair face off because the blue plaque wins hands down. The green plaque commemorates the fact that the poet and pacifist Siegfred Sassoon lived in a house that used to be here. Despite the efforts of campaigners, the property in which he did live was demolished and replaced with a tasteless brick building adorned with pointless curved aluminium bars. Sassoon served in World War One and was even awarded a military cross. But, as the war progressed so did his anger against it. While still serving, he published anti-war poetry (such as 'The Old Hunstman' and 'Counterattack') which received widespread attention. It was during the height of his early celebrity, between 1919 and 1925, that he rented rooms at 54 Tufton Street from friends. Oddly, it's also a period when he published very little. Sassoon died in 1967. A ceremony unveiling the Westminster Council green plaque on the new building was held in March 2003 - during the run up to the invasion of Iraq.
The blue plaque commemorates the film maker Sir Michael Balcon who lived here, in this very house (an attractive one with a three-sided oriel) at 57a Tufton Street between 1927 and 1939 (twice as long as Sassoon was at number 54). Michael Balcon is considered one of the most important figures in British cinema. He set up Gainsborough Studios in the early 1920s, and, when it was taken over by Gaumont-British, he carried on as a production chief for both Gainsborough and Gaumont-British until 1936. During a short spell with MGM's British production unit he made several films including 'Good-bye Mr Chips' and 'The Citadel'. In 1938, he joined the famous Ealing Studios where, among many war films and comedies, the much-loved Whisky Galore was produced. There he stayed until the studios closed in 1957. Thereafter, while continuing as an independent producer, Balcon was a tireless campaigner for British films. In 1972, he retired from his post as chairman of the British Film Institute's Experimental Film Fund, and, five years later, he died. In his honour, the annual British Academy awards include a special Bafta called 'the Michael Balcon award for outstanding British contribution to cinema'. Between 1991 and 2000, it was won by Derek Jarman, Kenneth Branagh, Ken Loach, Ridley Scott/Tony Scott, Mike Leigh, Channel Four Films, Michael Roberts, Michael Kuhn, Joyce Herlihy, and Mary Selway.
A few paces north, I find another blue plaque, this one on Tufton Court,
erected by the Greater London Council to commemorate Eleanor Rathbone, a
pioneer of family allowance. Rathbone was born in 1872, the eighth of ten
children in a Quaker family. She gained a degree in philosophy from Rathbone
College, Oxford, and by her mid-20s had become a leading figure in the Women's
Suffrage Society. In the year 1909 she was the first female councillor on
Liverpool City Council and published 'How the Casual Labourer Lives'. Several
years later she also published a second important work 'The Conditions of
Widows under the Poor Law in Liverpool'. Other achievements and publications
largely related to family economics followed, and, in 1929, she was elected
to Parliament. Increasingly, she widened her interests to international
affairs, campaigning on behalf of Indian women, Jewish refugees and against
the appeasement of Hitler. During World War Two, she published 'The Case
for Family Allowances', a work which was influential in the Labour Party's
decision to introduce family allowance during 1945. She died a year later.
A Straight Line Walk Across London - along the 300 easting
by Paul K Lyons
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