Tolstoy, Leo ___ 1828-1910 ___ Russian ___ writer

BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY
Tolstoy was born at Yasnya Polyana, in Tula Province, Russia. The youngest of four sons, he was orphaned at the age of nine and subsequently brought up by one aunt and then another, both of whom lived in high society. He was educated by tutors, and then at Kazan University, although he dropped out to join his brother in the army. He served as a second lieutenant during the Crimean War, and the experience led not only to the publication of his 'Sevastapol Sketches' but to a lifelong belief in pacifism. He left the army in 1856, and spent some time in St Petersburg, where he became increasingly interested in education. He also travelled to Europe, visiting schools in France and Germany for example. And then, on his return to Yasnya Polyana, he set up a progressive school for peasant children. In 1862, he married Sofya Andreyevna Bers who was only 18. Subsequently, Tolstoy seems to have given up his educational activities to concentrate on family life (he had a very large family) and his writing. His great novels - 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina' - were written in the 1860s and 1970s respectively. In 1876, Tolstoy underwent a spiritual conversion; and issues of social reform then underpinned his later plays and novels. The conversion also affected the way of his life. He dressed in homespun clothes, ate only vegetables, renounced liquor and tobacco, and did manual work. He became increasingly difficult and unhappy, and, in the last days of his life, left home in the middle of winter in search of a simpler life, only to die at a railway station.
A biography link
Wikipedia bio

DIARY DATES, CONTENT DESCRIPTORS
1846-1910 ___ domestic literary military social religious family love/sex self education

WEB TEXT LINKS
etext
many extracts
etext

ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT LINKS
State Historical Museum, Moscow

SOME PUBLISHED TITLES
The Diaries of Leo Tolstoy. Youth, 1847-1852
The Journal of Leo Tolstoy; First Volume, 1895-1899
Tolstoy's Diaries 
 

May 2005, August 2008, April 2013
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